Common Cold

Goldome Healthcare, Inc.

Family Medicine Physicians located in West Covina, CA

At one time or another, everyone experiences sneezing, coughing, runny nose, and other symptoms of the common cold. Although most colds last only a week or two, sometimes symptoms worsen and lead to serious complications. A highly experienced practitioner of family medicine, Dr. David Chen of Goldome Healthcare Inc. in West Covina, California, can evaluate your condition and relieve suffering using natural and medical therapies. Call or book an appointment online today.

Common Cold Q & A

Goldome Healthcare, Inc.

What is the common cold?

Every year, the average American adult contracts two or three common colds, and children often get more. Millions of people miss work, school, and other activities during peak cold seasons in the fall and spring. Characterized by sneezing, coughing, and runny nose, most colds last from 2-14 days. While most sufferers recover quickly, you are more vulnerable to serious complications if you have underlying health issues.

What causes the common cold?

Although more than 200 kinds of viruses cause colds, rhinoviruses are the most common. The cold virus often enters through the eyes or nasal passages and quickly attacks the upper respiratory system. Once infected, sufferers spread the highly contagious virus through tiny droplets expelled from sneezing and coughing. The virus also lingers on surfaces the sick person has touched, like counters and doorknobs.

How can I prevent the common cold?

During the height of cold season, it’s difficult to avoid these highly infectious viruses. Still, by utilizing a few common sense measures, you can greatly decrease your chances of getting a cold.

  • Avoid touching your eyes and nose
  • Clean surfaces with disinfectants
  • Frequently wash your hands with soap and water
  • Minimize contact with anyone who is sick

What are the symptoms of the common cold?

Apart from sneezing, coughing, and the telltale stuffy or a runny nose, symptoms often include:

  • Aching muscles
  • Chills
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Mild fever
  • Sore, scratchy throat
  • Watery eyes

The early symptoms of influenza are very similar to those of colds. If you develop a high fever, severe coughing, and extreme exhaustion, contact Dr. Chen for an examination.

What treatments are available for the common cold?

When you have a cold, rest, drink plenty of fluids, and take over-the-counter pain relievers for fever, headache, and aches. You can soothe a sore throat with cough drops or by gargling with salt water. Additionally, cough suppressants and expectorants can ease persistent coughing, and antihistamines can stop a runny nose.

If your nose is stuffed, numerous over-the-counter decongestants are available. For more severe blockages and other respiratory-related issues, Dr. Chen can prescribe a nebulizer, a device that delivers quick-acting medicine in an inhalable mist.

When should I seek medical help for the common cold?

Although most colds resolve on their own, sometimes they can lead to more serious complications. If your symptoms continue for more than 10 days; become more severe (high fever and chills); or you are over 65 or have a medical condition like asthma, diabetes, or heart disease, call or book an appointment online for an examination with Dr. Chen.